I hope this guide will help you if you find similarities between contrast analysis and error analysis.

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    Proponents of error analysis point out that the contrastive analysis hypothesis focuses only on predicting what the Spanish learner will do, and does not pay attention to research that shows what the Spanish learner will do.

    Table With Content

    What’s the difference between contrastive analysis and error analysis?

    Error analysis has been an alternative when you need contrast analysis. Error analysis clearly showed that contrast analysis was unable to predict the vast majority of errors, by far the most valuable aspects of which were inadvertently included in the study of terminology transfer.

    Chapter I. Action Opposition Theory and Error Analysis
    1. Benchmarking
    2. Error Analysis
    3. A brief overview of the strengths and weaknesses of comparative comparison and error analysis, as well as a presentation of the overall work

    similarities between contrastive analysis and error analysis

    Chapter III. Discussion of each of our thesis
    1. “Avoidance of phrasal verbs – a case of comparative analysis” only by Dagut and Laufer (1985)
    2. “Avoidance. Grammar or semantic reasons?” Halstin and also Marchena (1989)
    3. “Adult Ecstasy Avoidance Behavior in Second Language Acquisition”, Kleinmann (1977)


    Why do we learn contrastive linguistics before do the error analysis?

    Contrastive analysis research aims to predict the linguistic difficulties encountered in the mode of acquisition of a second language, as formulated by Lado (1957), and suggests that the difficulties of acquisition of a new important (second) language are inferred from differences between the new vocabulary and the mother tongue (first language)

    There are two different approaches to identifying possible learning problems in second language acquisition: benchmarking and error analysis. A number of proponents of error analysis consider the claim that contrastive analysis cannot be a sufficient tool for differentiating the problems of second language speakers. On the other hand, however, it has been found that error analysis cannotexplain the avoidance process, since error analysis only records errors made by learners of a particular second language (Sachter, 1974). Avoidance actions are a functional second language learner’s communicative strategy in which the learner prefers to use an entirely new, simpler form rather than the target language element due to its association with object complexity. Thus, avoidance behavior is a manifestation of the desire for learning, and its results must necessarily be taken into account in the design of language programs and language tests (Laufer and Eliasson, 1993). And since the analysis of errors does not take into account the phenomenon of avoidance and therefore cannot explain it, the approach and support of teachers of the second vocabulary with educational materials cannot be considered adequate. .

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  • In this article, I have sought to find the least flawed comparative analysis on the basis of which the analysis decides on its treatment in the context of avoidance behavior. We will review various studies of avoidance behavior and show that contrast analysis predicts avoidance in b In most cases, and provides a comprehensive demonstration of the problems for second language learners only.

    We believe that we may encounter cases where the concept of avoidance does not manifest itself, although this was predicted by the comparative study. Moreover, we do not rule out the possibility of finding processes in which, despite negative considerations based on related contrast analysis, avoidance behavior appears to be present. In these two cases, many will be the ones to show that the predictions associated with contrastive analysis are necessary, but not sufficient, to explain this avoidance behavior. In order to provide sufficient information to explain the avoidance phenomenon, additional information on various affective traits, such as self-confidence, anxiety, motivation, and, more importantly, risk-taking, needs to be added to the actual predictions obtained from contrast agent analysis.

    We will also show that a few additions need to be made for an accurate comparison. TakiThus, along with the comparative research hypothesis that different characteristics of languages ​​are difficult to acquire, it is necessary to point out a very special case: characteristics of the client language that are absent in relation to the native language can sometimes be more easily learned due to my novelty effect.

    similarities between contrastive analysis and error analysis

    In fact, we also hear evidence that avoidance, as evidence of learning difficulties, can also occur despite the similarities of the Basque languages, namely, contrary to the comparative claim that similar language features are easy to learn. For this avoidance problem, we will show that most learning problems, and therefore avoidance responses, can be caused by form comparison not only between two languages, but also within the second language system being used. In addition, we will show that the linguistic use of two languages ​​that have become similar can also lead to learning difficulties due to functional differences.

    To confirm our hypotheses, we will take a closer look at the following and Follow-up: “Avoidance. Grammar or semantic reasons?” from Dagut and Laufer (1985), “Avoidance. Grammar or semantic reasons?” from Hulstijn and Marchena (1989), “Avoidance Behavior in Mastering the Second Adult Dialect” Kleinmann (1977). The reason for our selection of articles is that these studies embody 3 possible situations that can be found when applying contrast analysis to explain avoidance anger: 1) predictions of learning difficulty based on contrast analysis are explained by new manifestation of confirmed avoidance behavior; 2) comparative assessment does not predict learning difficulties; explained, students use the reduction strategy; 3) Benchmarking predicts difficulty detection and inhibition behavior, but the latter cannot be observed. With the help of the general articles mentioned above, we will find proofs and explanations for all these possible cases.

    Chapter I. Theoretical Implications For The Analysis Of Contrasts And Errors

    What are the roles of contrastive analysis and error analysis?

    Comparative analysis starts by distinguishing between two language systems and then only predicts problems or areas of error for the second dictionary, while error analysis starts and errors fromsecond language teachings examine them from a broader perspective of their origins and meaning.

    1. Contrast Analysis

    Banathy, Trager and Waddle (1966) often define the idea forcontrast learning (strong version) as follows: “… the change that should be reflected in the language behavior of another foreign language learner may be due to differences between the native language and culture model of the learner and the language and culture model of the resisting recipient. The task of the linguist, the cultural anthropologist, and also the sociologist is to identify these types of differences. Foreign language teaching aids have the task of developing materials that can be asserted using these differences. .”

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